International Journal of Science, Technology and Society

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Preeclampsia Awareness Among Women in King Saudi Arabia

Received: 25 December 2023    Accepted: 18 January 2024    Published: 5 February 2024
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Abstract

Preeclampsia is one of the pregnancy complications characterized by high blood pressure and signs of damage to another organ system, most often the liver and kidneys. It usually begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy. This disease encompasses 2 to 8% of pregnancy-related complications, greater than 50,000 maternal deaths, and over 500,000 fetal deaths worldwide (12), according to the annual statistical book from Ministry of Health King Saudi Arabia preeclampsia cases at 2017 in hospitals was 4292 cases. This study aims to estimate the level of awareness and knowledge of preeclampsia among women in Saudi Arabia. Because the literature shows a remarkably lack of knowledge of PE among women in Saudi Arabia. This is a cross sectional study conducted in 2023. A total of 390 women ages ranged from 18 to 60 years were included in the study and given a self-administered web-based questionnaire. The study uses the general knowledge about pre-eclampsia as one of the three measurements, together with sociodemographic data and the conceptual history of pregnancy. A total of 390 participants were enrolled in this study. Of the total sample of 66.7% had poor awareness level regarding preeclampsia while 33.3% had good awareness level. However, it was found that about one-third of the participants had an overall good awareness for preeclampsia. More than half of them heard about preeclampsia. The reports that the level of preeclampsia awareness in Saudi Arabia is low. Factors associated with women awareness level regarding preeclampsia are employment, high level of education and family history of preeclampsia. Two thirds of low awareness is alarming, which emphasize the importance of enhancing the awareness of pre-eclampsia among Saudi women that helps fasten medical seek with low complications of both mothers and fetuses.

DOI 10.11648/ijsts.20241201.17
Published in International Journal of Science, Technology and Society (Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2024)
Page(s) 69-74
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

PE, Pre-eclampsia, Awareness

References
[1] [Internet]. [cited 2023 Jun 13]. Available from: https://www.moh.gov.sa/en/Ministry/Statistics/book/Documents/ANNUAL-STATISTICAL-BOOK-1438H.pdf.
[2] Gari A, Alshanqiti W, Alquzi R, Alsamli R, Alqahtani R. Level of knowledge on preeclampsia symptoms, complications, and risk factors among women in Saudi Arabia: A Cross Sectional Study. Medical Science. 2022; 26(128): 1–9. doi: 10.54905/disssi/v26i128/ms432e2512.
[3] Fondjo LA, Boamah VE, Fierti A, Gyesi D, Owiredu E-W. Knowledge of preeclampsia and its associated factors among pregnant women: A possible link to reduce related adverse outcomes. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2019; 19(1). doi: 10.1186/s12884-019-2623-x.
[4] Ramos JG, Sass N, Costa SH. Preeclampsia. Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia/RBGO Gynecology and Obstetrics. 2017 Sep; 39(09): 496-512.
[5] Magee LA, Nicolaides KH, Von Dadelszen P. Preeclampsia. New England Journal of Medicine. 2022 May 12; 386(19): 1817-32.
[6] Triche EW, Saftlas AF, Belanger K, Leaderer BP, Bracken MB. Association of asthma diagnosis, severity, symptoms, and treatment with risk of preeclampsia. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2004 Sep 1; 104(3): 585-93.
[7] Dekker GA. Risk factors for preeclampsia. Clinical obstetrics and gynecology. 1999 Sep 1; 42(3): 422.
[8] English FA, Kenny LC, McCarthy FP. Risk factors and effective management of preeclampsia. Integrated blood pressure control. 2015 Mar 3: 7-12.
[9] Alnuaimi K, Abuidhail J, Ismail H. The effects of an educational programme about preeclampsia on women's awareness: a randomised control trial. International Nursing Review. 2020 Dec; 67(4): 501-11.
[10] Gestational Hypertension and Preeclampsia: ACOG Practice Bulletin, Number 222. Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Jun; 135(6): e237-e260. [PubMed]
[11] A Savage, Lujain Hoho L. Knowledge of pre-eclampsia in women living in Makole Ward, Dodoma, Tanzania. African health sciences. 2016 June 1; 16(2): 412-9.
[12] You WB, Wolf M, Bailey SC, Pandit AU, Waite KR, Sobel RM, Grobman W. Factors associated with patient understanding of preeclampsia. Hypertension in pregnancy. 2012 Aug 1; 31(3): 341-9.
[13] Teng SP, Keng SL. Knowledge of preeclampsia among antenatal women in a tertiary referral teaching hospital. The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN). 2016 Apr 4; 7(2): 8-13.
[14] Gari A, Alshanqiti W, Alshanqiti F, Alquzi R, Alsamli R, Alqahtani R. Level of knowledge on preeclampsia symptoms, complications, and risk factors among women in Saudi Arabia: A cross sectional study. Medical Science, 26, ms432e251.
[15] Dania H, Lulwah B. Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors for Preeclampsia among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Inking Abdulaziz University Hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: A Hospital-Based Study. Annals of International Medical and Dental Research. 2017; 4 (1): 29-32.
[16] Subki M, Algethami, H Abduljabbar HS. Prevalence, risk factors, and fetal and maternal outcomes of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: a retrospective study in Western Saudi Arabia. Oman medical journal. 2018 Sep; 33(5): 409.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Alshayeb, Z. K., Omer, F. O. M., Saeed, O. A. A. A. (2024). Preeclampsia Awareness Among Women in King Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Science, Technology and Society, 12(1), 69-74. https://doi.org/10.11648/ijsts.20241201.17

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    ACS Style

    Alshayeb, Z. K.; Omer, F. O. M.; Saeed, O. A. A. A. Preeclampsia Awareness Among Women in King Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Sci. Technol. Soc. 2024, 12(1), 69-74. doi: 10.11648/ijsts.20241201.17

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    AMA Style

    Alshayeb ZK, Omer FOM, Saeed OAAA. Preeclampsia Awareness Among Women in King Saudi Arabia. Int J Sci Technol Soc. 2024;12(1):69-74. doi: 10.11648/ijsts.20241201.17

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  • @article{10.11648/ijsts.20241201.17,
      author = {Zahraa Khaled Alshayeb and Fathia Omer Mohamed Omer and Osama Abdullah Abdullatif Al Saeed},
      title = {Preeclampsia Awareness Among Women in King Saudi Arabia},
      journal = {International Journal of Science, Technology and Society},
      volume = {12},
      number = {1},
      pages = {69-74},
      doi = {10.11648/ijsts.20241201.17},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/ijsts.20241201.17},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.ijsts.20241201.17},
      abstract = {Preeclampsia is one of the pregnancy complications characterized by high blood pressure and signs of damage to another organ system, most often the liver and kidneys. It usually begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy. This disease encompasses 2 to 8% of pregnancy-related complications, greater than 50,000 maternal deaths, and over 500,000 fetal deaths worldwide (12), according to the annual statistical book from Ministry of Health King Saudi Arabia preeclampsia cases at 2017 in hospitals was 4292 cases. This study aims to estimate the level of awareness and knowledge of preeclampsia among women in Saudi Arabia. Because the literature shows a remarkably lack of knowledge of PE among women in Saudi Arabia. This is a cross sectional study conducted in 2023. A total of 390 women ages ranged from 18 to 60 years were included in the study and given a self-administered web-based questionnaire. The study uses the general knowledge about pre-eclampsia as one of the three measurements, together with sociodemographic data and the conceptual history of pregnancy. A total of 390 participants were enrolled in this study. Of the total sample of 66.7% had poor awareness level regarding preeclampsia while 33.3% had good awareness level. However, it was found that about one-third of the participants had an overall good awareness for preeclampsia. More than half of them heard about preeclampsia. The reports that the level of preeclampsia awareness in Saudi Arabia is low. Factors associated with women awareness level regarding preeclampsia are employment, high level of education and family history of preeclampsia. Two thirds of low awareness is alarming, which emphasize the importance of enhancing the awareness of pre-eclampsia among Saudi women that helps fasten medical seek with low complications of both mothers and fetuses.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Preeclampsia Awareness Among Women in King Saudi Arabia
    AU  - Zahraa Khaled Alshayeb
    AU  - Fathia Omer Mohamed Omer
    AU  - Osama Abdullah Abdullatif Al Saeed
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    T2  - International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
    JF  - International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
    JO  - International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
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    EP  - 74
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2330-7420
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/ijsts.20241201.17
    AB  - Preeclampsia is one of the pregnancy complications characterized by high blood pressure and signs of damage to another organ system, most often the liver and kidneys. It usually begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy. This disease encompasses 2 to 8% of pregnancy-related complications, greater than 50,000 maternal deaths, and over 500,000 fetal deaths worldwide (12), according to the annual statistical book from Ministry of Health King Saudi Arabia preeclampsia cases at 2017 in hospitals was 4292 cases. This study aims to estimate the level of awareness and knowledge of preeclampsia among women in Saudi Arabia. Because the literature shows a remarkably lack of knowledge of PE among women in Saudi Arabia. This is a cross sectional study conducted in 2023. A total of 390 women ages ranged from 18 to 60 years were included in the study and given a self-administered web-based questionnaire. The study uses the general knowledge about pre-eclampsia as one of the three measurements, together with sociodemographic data and the conceptual history of pregnancy. A total of 390 participants were enrolled in this study. Of the total sample of 66.7% had poor awareness level regarding preeclampsia while 33.3% had good awareness level. However, it was found that about one-third of the participants had an overall good awareness for preeclampsia. More than half of them heard about preeclampsia. The reports that the level of preeclampsia awareness in Saudi Arabia is low. Factors associated with women awareness level regarding preeclampsia are employment, high level of education and family history of preeclampsia. Two thirds of low awareness is alarming, which emphasize the importance of enhancing the awareness of pre-eclampsia among Saudi women that helps fasten medical seek with low complications of both mothers and fetuses.
    
    VL  - 12
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Asha, King Saudi Arabia

  • Department of Clinical Neurosciences, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Asha, King Saudi Arabia

  • Department of Clinical Neurosciences, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Asha, King Saudi Arabia

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